Romanian Red Wines
Romania is home to some of the oldest wine traditions in Europe, pre-dating ancient times before Greek civilization. Indigenous grapes have always prospered in the Romanian climate, which is adjacent to Slavic countries and very similar. Romania suffered badly from Phylloxera in the 19th Century, along with many other European countries. This had a detrimental effect on indigenous vine growing, and it took many years to replant everything. During the mass replanting, many of the indigenous varietals were replaced with French ones. Today there is still a fusion in Romanian vineyards, and the mix of domestic and foreign grapes works well for red wine. Fetească Neagră and Băbească are the most popular reds locally from the indigenous varietals, while German grapes such as Muscat are also very popular. The hot and continental climate make Romania ideal for red wine production. Bordeaux stalwarts Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot are planted in large numbers in Romanian vineyards and account for roughly 50,000 acres (20,250ha) between them. Other well-known reds used here are Pinot Noir and Blaufrankisch (Kekfrankos/Lemberger).